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Learning Goal: I’m working on a business multi-part question and need an explanation and answer to help me learn.Herzberg’s motivation-hygiene (two-factor) theory:(3) What does this theory reference?Emphasize achievement, recognition, the work itself, responsibility, advancement and growth.
Explain the difference between hygiene factors and satisfaction, and dissatisfaction.
McClelland’s need for achievement (nAch) and Equity Theory:(4) How is this theory implemented?The drive to do something better than it has ever been done before.
People high in nAch are self-motivated and require little direct supervision.
People tend to avoid very easy or very difficult tasks.
Prefer jobs with personal responsibility, feedback, and intermediate degree of risk.
Don’t always make good supervisors; prefer doing things themselves rather than leading others.
Employees perceive what they can get from a job situation in relation to what they put into it.
Employees compare their input-outcome ratio with the input-outcome ratio of others.
Perception can result in negative or positive equity, both of which, employees attempt to correct.
In the case of negative equity “correction” could take the form of reduced work effort, absenteeism, lowering performance, and even sabotage.